In addition to private landowners, land is increasingly more often owned by forest and investment companies, which seek to obtain financial value for hunting right leases. As hunting clubs are mainly local communities and non-profit associations, they often lack significant funds. This means that the value of the association’s activities comes through the community. The association proposes that instead of money, the payment for hunting rights can also be agreed to be other services on a case-by-case basis that are suited to the nature of the club’s activities.
Instead of money, hunters may commit to reporting forest, insect or road damage to the landowner, among other services. Reporting environmental damage or alien plant species may also be separately agreed in writing in the Hunting Right Lease. The larger the area, the more valuable these services are. Sections related to nature management in the area may also be added to the agreement; hunting clubs may make game counts, place salt licks or remove alien species, such as mink and raccoon dogs.
‘As hunters spend hundreds of hours in the forest, they notice areas destroyed by the moose and other damage, and it is customary to report the more significant recent cases to the landowner. Especially for forest owners living farther away, including companies, the information that they get through the Finnish Hunter’s Association is highly appreciated,’ says Teemu Simenius, Organisation Manager of the Finnish Hunters' Association.
The majority of private forest owners have leased their land's hunting rights to the local hunting club. The payment for the lease is rarely taxable money. The greatest benefit for forest owners comes from the population regulation of elk and other cervids done by hunters. Hunters have to balance between viable populations and as little forest damage by cervids as possible. This is not an easy task, as population fluctuations and uneven placement of populations are more a rule in the animal world than an exception.